Language of war in the Virtual Reality


Comparative Linguistics
language of wa
virtual communication
discourse analysis
virtual war
linguistics theories.

How to Cite

Szarlej, J. and Sapiński, A. (2023) “Language of war in the Virtual Reality”, Scientific Journal of Bielsko-Biala School of Finance and Law. Bielsko-Biała, PL, 27(4), pp. 54–58. doi: 10.19192/wsfip.sj4.2023.7.


In the rapidly evolving Virtual World landscape, thelanguage of war crosses traditional boundaries, manifesting itself in unprecedented ways that demand linguistic analysis. This article delves into the multifaceted aspects of "The Language of War in the Virtual World," exploring linguistic theories, models and practical manifestations of the virtual domain. Using established linguistic frameworks, this exploratory work breaks down the constituent nuances of war-related discourse, shedding light on the distinctive linguistic features that characterize virtual conflicts. Through a comparative analysis of Polish and English languages, this study aims to uncover the subtleties of virtual war discourse, highlighting its profound impact on communication in this technologically mediatized environment.


Zbigniew Bednarek (2015), Język wojny na przestrzeni wieków,, Kocot M., Szafraniec K., (red.), Języki (pop)kultury w literaturze, mediach i filmie,

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź, doi: 10.18778/8088-061-0.15

Ferdinand de Saussure(2002), Kurs językoznawstwa ogólnego, Warszawa: PWN.

Jacques Derrida (1967), Of Grammatology, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Claude Shannon, Warren Weaver(1964), The Mathematical Theory of Communication, Urbana: The University of Ilinois Press.

Roland Barthes (1968), Elements of Semiology, Hill and Wang.

H.P. Grice(2004), Logic and Conversation, London: University College of London.

Goffman, E. (1974). Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Harvard University Press.

David Ronfeldt, John Arquilla( 1993), Cyberwar is Coming!, on-line:

Edward Sapir (1921), An Introduction to the Study of Speech, on-line:,%20Edward%20-



J.L. Austin(1962), How to Do Things with Words, Oxford: Calrendon Press, Oxford University Press.

Holborow, Les. Mind, vol. 81, no. 323, 1972, JSTOR, Accessed 2 Jun. 2023.

D. Tannen (1994), Gender and Discourse, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Erving Goffman (1959), The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, on-line:


Michel Foucault(1972), The Archaeology of Knowledge, on-line:


Bruno Latour(2005), Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory, Oxford: Oxford university Press.

Norman Fairclough(1995), Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language, Longman

Manuel Castells(2009), Communication Power, Oxdord: Oxford University Press.

Lev Vygotsky(1978), Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes, Harvard University Press

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jolanta Szarlej, Aleksander Sapiński


Download data is not yet available.