Today's businessman is undoubtedly exposed to the risk of loss. This occurs, among other things, in connection with keeping incorrect documentation. Unfortunately, these are deliberate actions of other entrepreneurs aimed at causing material damage and thus enriching themselves in an illegal manner. This group of participants in economic turnover assumes in advance that they will not observe the binding legal regulations and tries to conceal it effectively. Their actions are most often revealed after the time, when the contracting party realises that he has suffered a loss, that he has suffered a loss. Only a complex criminal analysis conducted by specialised bodies of pre-trial proceedings or tax authorities reveals the real course of events and the real motives of the perpetrators and the true motives of the perpetrators. Therefore, it is important to present issues related to the aspect of incorrect documentation. Indication of risks which an entrepreneur is burdened with as a participant of economic turnover. The article develops the definition of irregularity and refers to the elements of Article 303 of the Penal Code. It also indicates the motives of the perpetrators and the risks of committing this crime, not only for convicted persons, but also for the wronged participants of economic turnover
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